Knitting Patterns with only Knit and Purl Stitches
Once you master knits and purls, you’ll be able to start making simple beginner knitting patterns. Beginning knitters can easily try making Garter Stitch, Stockinette Stitch, Seed Stitch, and Rib Stitch, because they are all made with only knit and purl stitches.
Garter stitch is a knitting pattern that is composed of all knit stitches. When knitting a regular flat piece, you will knit all the stitches in one row, turn, then knit all the stitches in the next row, turn, and repeat. This creates a ribbed fabric that looks the same on both sides.
Garter stitch has a very simple abbreviation: “k” every row.
Practice the garter stitch with my free Beginner Knit Scarf Pattern.
Stockinette Stitch is one of the most widely used knitting patterns, which has smooth “knit side” and a bumpy “purl side.”
When knitting a flat piece in Stockinette Stitch, you cast on an even number of stitches, knit one row, turn your work, then purl one row and continue alternating knit and purl rows.
Stockinette is usually abbreviated in this way: c/o even number of stitches. *k 1 row, p 1 row.*
Stockinette Stitch is used in the “Basic Washcloth and Face Scrubby” patterns, found in my Simple Washcloth Knitting Pattern Collection.
Knit, Purl Rib Stitch
Knit, purl rib is a frequently used stitch for ribbed borders on clothing like hats, mittens, and sweaters. To knit this type of ribbing, cast on an even number of stitches. *Knit, purl* repeat for one row. Turn, and repeat the same row. You will be knitting into the knit stitches and purling into the purl stitches of the row below.
Abbreviated, a rib pattern will often read: c/o even number of stitches. *k, p* every row.
Try my free Ribbed Scarf pattern for practice on this stitch.
You can knit a more elaborate texture using the Seed Stitch. Although it looks more difficult, simply alternate knit and purl stitches, much like a Knit, Purl Rib. Instead of stacking the knits and the purls in columns, however, in Seed Stitch you purl into the knit stitches and knit into the purl stitches. Both sides of the work will look the same.
To make the Seed Stitch, cast on an even number of stitches. Knit one stitch, purl one stitch, then repeat for one row or round. At the next row or round, purl one stitch, knit one stitch, then repeat until the end of the row or round. Repeat these two rows until you are finished.
The abbreviated version of this would read: c/o even number of stitches. *k, p* one row, turn, *p, k* one row. Repeat.
Try my free Seed Stitch Washcloth pattern for practice on this stitch.
After you understand these basic patterns, you can make lot of different fabrics with the same ball of yarn.
It is a great time to start exploring fun beginner patterns and learning new skills. My beginner knitting patterns use the stitches above to make your own cozy accessories.
Knitting Patterns using only Knits and Purls
More Knitting Patterns
I’ve also started a Pinterest collection of my favorite knitting patterns from my site and from other great knitting designers around the web. Look there for more great knitting ideas.
The many sections and abbreviations in a knitting pattern can be intimidating. Learn how to read a knitting pattern in the next lesson.